|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]胡向明,黄振亚,解德富,等.硝化纤维素含氮量对发射药力学性能的影响[J].火炸药学报,2019,42(3):308-311,318.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2019.03.017]
 HU Xiang-ming,HUANG Zhen-ya,XIE De-fu,et al.Effect of Nitrocellulose with Different Nitrogen Content on the Mechanical Properties of Gun Propellants[J].,2019,42(3):308-311,318.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2019.03.017]
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硝化纤维素含氮量对发射药力学性能的影响()
     
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《火炸药学报》[ISSN:1007-7812/CN:61-1310/TJ]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2019年第3期
页码:
308-311,318
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-06-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Effect of Nitrocellulose with Different Nitrogen Content on the Mechanical Properties of Gun Propellants
作者:
胡向明 黄振亚 解德富 宋亚苹
南京理工大学化工学院, 江苏 南京 210094
Author(s):
HU Xiang-ming HUANG Zhen-ya XIE De-fu SONG Ya-ping
School of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
关键词:
爆炸力学发射药硝化纤维素NC含氮量力学性能破碎度简支梁摆锤冲击试验
Keywords:
explosion mechanicsgun propellantnitrocellulosenitrogen content of NCmechanical propertiesfragmentationsimply supported beam pendulum impact test
分类号:
TJ55
DOI:
10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2019.03.017
文献标志码:
-
摘要:
为获得硝化纤维素(NC)含氮量对发射药力学性能的影响规律,制备了NC含氮量分别为12.5%、12.8%和13.0%的3种均质发射药样品,并在此基础上加入RDX,制备了3种非均质发射药样品;采用简支梁摆锤冲击试验测试其抗冲击强度,采用落锤撞击试验结合密闭爆发器试验测试其撞击强度。结果表明,NC含氮量对发射药力学性能的影响与温度有关,非均质发射药在0℃条件下,NC含氮量为13.0%时,简支梁冲击强度和95 cm落高下的破碎度分别为32.79 kJ/m2和1.000;NC含氮量为12.50%时,简支梁冲击强度和95 cm落高下破碎度分别为30.97 kJ/m2和0.980。-40℃低温条件下,NC含氮量为13.0%时,简支梁冲击强度和95 cm落高下的破碎度分别为7.12 kJ/m2和2.798;NC含氮量为12.50%时,简支梁冲击强度和95 cm落高下破碎度分别为9.27 kJ/m2和1.101。表明随着NC含氮量增大,发射药的简支梁冲击强度和落锤撞击强度都明显降低。
Abstract:
In order to study the influence of nitrocellulose(NC) with various nitrogen content on the mechanical properties of gun propellants, three types of homogeneous gun propellants were prepared using NC with nitrogen content of 12.5%, 12.8% and 13.0% as continuous phase. Based on these basic formulations, another three kinds of heterogeneous gun propellants containing RDX were fabricated. Simply supported beam pendulum impact test was used to evaluate the impact strength and drop hammer impact test combined with closed-bomb test were adopted to evaluate the impact strength. The results show that the effect of nitrogen content of NC on the mechanical properties of the gun propellants is related to initial temperatures. For heterogeneous gun propellant at 0℃, the impact strength tested by simply supported beam test and the fragmentation at 95 cm drop height of samples with NC nitrogen content of 13.0% are 32.79 kJ/m2 and 1.000, respectively, and for samples with nitrogen content of 12.50%, the test results were 30.97 kJ/m2 and 0.980. Under the lower temperature of -40℃, the impact strength and breaking degree were 7.12 kJ/m2, 2.798 with nitrogen content of 13.0%, and 9.27 kJ/m2, 1.101 with nitrogen content of 12.50%, showing that the impact strength of gun propellants tested by simply supported beam and drop hammer was significantly reduced with the increase of the nitrogen content of NC.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-11-20;改回日期:2019-1-21。
作者简介:胡向明(1993-),男,硕士研究生,从事含能材料研究。E-mail:humingo@foxmail.com
通讯作者:黄振亚(1958-),男,研究员,从事含能材料研究。E-mail:hzy331@sohu.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01