|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]任晓雪,彭翠枝,秦涧,等.国外纳米铝热剂的最新研究进展[J].火炸药学报,2019,42(2):107-113.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2019.02.001]
 REN Xiao-xue,PENG Cui-zhi,QIN Jian,et al.Recent Progress in Foreign Nano-thermite[J].,2019,42(2):107-113.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2019.02.001]
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国外纳米铝热剂的最新研究进展()
     
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《火炸药学报》[ISSN:1007-7812/CN:61-1310/TJ]

卷:
42卷
期数:
2019年第2期
页码:
107-113
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Recent Progress in Foreign Nano-thermite
作者:
任晓雪 彭翠枝 秦涧 郑斌
北方科技信息研究所, 北京 100089
Author(s):
REN Xiao-xue PENG Cui-zhi QIN Jian ZHENG Bin
North Institute for Scientific and Technical Information, Beijing 100089, China
关键词:
应用化学含能材料纳米铝热剂火炸药氧化铁纳米铝高能量密度材料
Keywords:
applied chemistryenergetic materialnano-thermiteexplosive and propellantiron oxidenano-alminumhigh energh density material
分类号:
TJ55;O69
DOI:
10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2019.02.001
文献标志码:
-
摘要:
为了促进我国纳米铝热剂技术研究进步,及时把握国外纳米铝热剂技术的最新发展动向和应用,在系统跟踪国外最新发展动态的基础上,综述了美国、法国等国家在纳米铝热剂的制备技术及应用技术、新型纳米铝热剂混合物研究及其反应性能的最新研究进展,其中制备技术包括固相反应法、溶胶-凝胶法、燃烧合成法、生物合成法、低能耗放大生产方法等。表明纳米铝热剂经过20年的研究已从实验室研究转向预生产阶段;指出纳米铝热剂所具有的特殊优异性能将使其成为高性能含能材料的发展目标;随着纳米铝热剂在火炸药中的应用,将使推进剂具有更高的燃速,弹药更加小型化,可得到性能先进的燃料和添加剂组分,有望成为提高火炸药安全性的重要途径,从而满足未来对含能材料提出的更高要求。
Abstract:
To accelerate the research progress of nano-thermite technology in China and grasp the latest development trend and application of nano-thermite technology abroad in time, on the basis of systematically tracking the latest development trends abroad, the preparation and application technology of nano-thermite, the research on the mixture of new nano-thermite and the latest research progress on its reaction performance in the United States, France and other countries were summarized. The preparation technology includes solid phase reaction method, sol-gel method, combustion synthesis method, biosynthesis method and low energy consumption amplification production method. It shows that after 20 years of research, nano-thermite has shifted from laboratory research to preproduction stage. It indicates that the special excellent properties of nano-thermite will make it become the development goal of high-performance energetic materials. The application of nano-thermite in propellant and explosive will make the propellant have higher burning rate, smaller ammunition, more advanced fuel and additive components, and it is expected to be an important way to improve the safety of propellants and explosives, thus meeting the higher requirements for energetic materials in the future.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-1-10;改回日期:2018-11-2。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.51676100)
作者简介:任晓雪(1965-),女,副研究员,从事火炸药科技情报研究。E-mail:xxue906@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01