|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]刘子如.火炸药老化失效模式及机理[J].火炸药学报,2018,41(5):425-433.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2018.05.001]
 LIU Zi-ru.Failure Modes and Failure Mechanisms for Aged Propellants and Explosives[J].,2018,41(5):425-433.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2018.05.001]
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火炸药老化失效模式及机理()
     
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《火炸药学报》[ISSN:1007-7812/CN:61-1310/TJ]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2018年第5期
页码:
425-433
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-10-31

文章信息/Info

Title:
Failure Modes and Failure Mechanisms for Aged Propellants and Explosives
作者:
刘子如
西安近代化学研究所, 陕西 西安 710065
Author(s):
LIU Zi-ru
Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an 710065, China
关键词:
物理化学火炸药寿命预估老化行为失效模式失效机理
Keywords:
physical chemistryexplosive and propellantlife predictionaging behaviourfailure modefailure mechanism
分类号:
TJ55;TQ560
DOI:
10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2018.05.001
文献标志码:
-
摘要:
综述了火炸药在贮存过程中的老化行为,着重从化学和物理变化来考虑安全寿命失效和使用寿命失效。讨论了包括物质迁移、力学性能劣化、过载动力效应、流变问题和循环温度引起的应力变化等物理失效以及包括自催化作用、自燃或爆发和黏合剂的交联或降解等化学失效。指出失效模式和失效机理分析对寿命预估和改善老化性能、延长寿命有重要意义,因此在进行火炸药寿命预估时,应同时进行失效模式和失效机理分析。附参考文献46篇。
Abstract:
The aging behavior of propellants and explosives on storage is reviewed and the failures of safety life and service life in performance are considered with emphasis on the basic chemical and physical changes involved. The physical failures, including material migration, mechanical deterioration, overload dynamic effect, rheological problem and cyclic temperature induced stress change, etc., and the chemical failures, including self-catalysis, spontaneous combustion or explosion and crosslinking or degradation of binders, etc., are discussed. The analysis of failure mode and failure mechanism is of great significance to life expectancy, improve aging performance and prolong life. Therefore, failure mode and failure mechanism should be analyzed for the life prediction of propellants and explosives. With 46 references.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-11-14;改回日期:2017-12-18。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.21805226)
作者简介:刘子如(1940-),男,研究员,从事火炸药热化学和热分析研究。E-mail:lzr479@sina.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01