|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]刘博,张钰,王为民,等.纳米PbZrO3/GO复合材料的制备及其对RDX的催化分解[J].火炸药学报,2018,41(4):334-339.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2018.04.003]
 LIU Bo,ZHANG Yu,WANG Wei-min,et al.Preparation of PbZrO3/GO Nanocomposite and Its Catalytic Decomposition on RDX[J].,2018,41(4):334-339.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2018.04.003]
点击复制

纳米PbZrO3/GO复合材料的制备及其对RDX的催化分解()
     
分享到:

《火炸药学报》[ISSN:1007-7812/CN:61-1310/TJ]

卷:
41卷
期数:
2018年第4期
页码:
334-339
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-08-23

文章信息/Info

Title:
Preparation of PbZrO3/GO Nanocomposite and Its Catalytic Decomposition on RDX
作者:
刘博 张钰 王为民 高红旭 徐抗震 赵凤起
1. 西北大学化工学院, 陕西 西安 710069;
2. 信阳师范学院化学化工学院, 河南 信阳 464000;
3. 西安近代化学研究所燃烧与爆炸技术重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710065
Author(s):
LIU Bo ZHANG Yu WANG Wei-min GAO Hong-xu XU Kang-zhen ZHAO Feng-qi
1. College of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Xi’an 710069, China;
2. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang Henan 464000, China;
3. Science and Technology on Combustion and Explosion Laboratory, Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an 710065, China
关键词:
纳米PbZrO3金属复合氧化物氧化石墨烯(GO)RDX催化分解
Keywords:
nano PbZrO3metal composite oxidegraphene oxide (GO)RDXcatalytic decomposition
分类号:
TJ55;O551.3
DOI:
10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2018.04.003
文献标志码:
-
摘要:
采用自组装法将纳米PbZrO3和氧化石墨烯(GO)复合,制备了PbZrO3/GO纳米复合材料;通过X射线衍射(XRD)、扫描电镜(SEM)、透射电镜(TEM)、拉曼光谱(Raman)等对其结构进行表征分析;采用差示扫描量热法(DSC)比较并分析了PbZrO3/GO、PbZrO3和GO对RDX的催化分解性能。结果表明,通过调整前驱体溶液的pH值,改变纳米颗粒的表面电荷,成功将纳米PbZrO3(40 nm)颗粒紧密负载于GO薄片上;GO的引入有效抑制了PbZrO3纳米颗粒团聚,比表面积增加了13.73 m2/g;与RDX相比,PbZrO3/GO、PbZrO3和GO分别使RDX的热分解峰温降低24.35、14.43和16.57℃; PbZrO3/GO使RDX热分解过程的表观活化能降低24.4 kJ/mol; PbZrO3/GO复合材料对RDX的催化性能显著优于单一组分的PbZrO3和GO。
Abstract:
PbZrO3/GO nanocomposite was prepared by a self-assemble method, through compounding of nano PbZrO3 and graphene oxide (GO). The structure of PbZrO3/GO nanocomposite was characterized and analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy (Raman). The catalytic decomposition properties of PbZrO3/GO, nano PbZrO3 and GO on RDX were compared and analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The results show that PbZrO3 nanoparticles are successfully and closely loaded on the sheets of GO by adjusting the pH value of the precursor solution and changing the surface charges of nanoparticles. The introduction of GO effectively inhibits the conglomeration of PbZrO3 nanoparticles, and increases the specific surface area of PbZrO3/GO by 13.73 m2/g. Compared with RDX, PbZrO3/GO, PbZrO3 and GO make the peak temperatures of decomposition for RDX decrease 24.35, 14.43 and 16.57℃, respectively. PbZrO3/GO makes the apparent activation energy of decomposition process for RDX reduce by 24.4 kJ/mol. PbZrO3/GO nanocomposite presents better catalytic decomposition performance on RDX than single nano PbZrO3 and GO.

参考文献/References:

[1] 赵凤起, 仪建华, 安亭, 等. 固体推进剂燃烧催化剂[M]. 北京:国防工业出版社, 2016.
[2] Yan Q L, Zhao F Q, Kuo K K, et al. Catalytic effects of nano additives on decomposition and combustion of RDX-, HMX-, and AP-based energetic compositions[J]. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 2016, 57:75-136.
[3] 刘雪敏,刘红利,高潮,等. 国内外含能配位聚合物最新研究进展[J]. 火炸药学报,2018, 41(2):107-116. LIU Xue-min, LIU Hong-li, GAO Chao, et al. Latest progress in research on energetic eoordination polymers at home and abroad[J]. Chinese Journal of Explosives & Propellants (Huozhayao Xuebao), 2018, 41(2):107-116.
[4] 王雅乐,卫芝贤,康丽. 固体推进剂用燃烧催化剂的研究进展[J]. 含能材料,2015, 23(1):89-98. WANG Ya-le, WEI Zhi-xian, KANG Li. Progress on combustion catalysts of solid propellant[J]. Chinese Journal of Energetic Materials, 2015, 23(1):89-98.
[5] 张建侃,赵凤起,徐司雨,等. PbSnO3@rGO纳米复合物的制备及其对CL-20热分解的影响[J]. 火炸药学报,2017, 40(2):33-36. ZHANG Jian-kan, ZHAO Feng-qi, XU Si-yu, et al. Preparation of PbSnO3@rGO nanocomposite and its effect on the thermal decomposition of CL-20[J]. Chinese Journal of Explosives & Propellants (Huozhayao Xuebao), 2017, 40(2):33-36.
[6] 杨燕京,赵凤起,仪建华,等. MOFs作为固体推进剂的燃烧催化剂和含能添加剂的研究进展[J]. 含能材料,2016, 24(12):1225-1232. YANG Yan-jing, ZHAO Feng-qi, YI Jian-hua, et al. Research progress of MOFs as combustion catalysts and high energy additives for solid propellants[J]. Chinese Journal of Energetic Materials, 2016, 24(12):1225-1232.
[7] Zhang T F, Ma Z, Li G P, et al. Electrostatic interactions for directed assembly of high performance nanostructured energetic materials of Al/Fe2O3/multi-walled carbon nanotube(MWCNT)[J]. Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 2016, 237:394-403.
[8] 兰元飞,李宵羽,罗运军,等. 石墨烯在含能材料中的应用研究进展[J]. 火炸药学报,2015, 38(1):1-6. LAN Yuan-fei, LI Xiao-yu, LUO Yun-jun, et al. Research progress on application of graphene in energetic materials[J]. Chinese Journal of Explosives & Propellants (Huozhayao Xuebao), 2015, 38(1):1-6.
[9] Korotcenkov G, Cho B K. Metal oxide composites in conductometric gas sensors:achievements and challenges[J]. Sensors and Actuators B:Chemical, 2017, 244:182-210.
[10] Anandan S, Lee G J, Yang C K, et al, Sonochemical synthesis of Bi2CuO4 nanoparticles for catalytic degradation of nonylphenol ethoxylate[J]. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2012, 183:46-52.
[11] Singh A, Singh V, Bamzai K K. Structural and magnetic studies on (x)PbTiO3-(1-x)SrFe12O19 composite multiferroics[J]. Material Chemistry Physics, 2015, 155:92-98.
[12] Wei T, Zhang Y, Xu K, et al, Catalytic action of nano Bi2WO6 on thermal decompositions of AP, RDX, HMX and combustion of NG/NC propellant[J]. RSC Advances, 2015, 5:70323-70328.
[13] Ebrahim A G, Behrouz S, Ali K, et al. Investigation of the catalytic activity of nano-sized CuO、Co3O4 and CuCo2O4 powders on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate[J]. Powder Technology, 2012, 217:330-339.
[14] Zhang Y, Wei T, Xu K, et al. Catalytic decomposition action of hollow CuFe2O4 spheres on RDX and FOX-7[J]. RSC Advances, 2015, 5:75630-75635.
[15] 王为民,魏涛涛,高红旭,等. 纳米PbZrO3对AP、RDX、HMX热分解和NG/NC双基推进剂燃烧性能的影响[J]. 火炸药学报,2017, 40(6):29-35. WANG Wei-min, WEI Tao-tao, GAO Hong-xu, et al. Effects of nano PbZrO3 on the decompositions of AP, RDX, HMX and the combustion of (NG/NC) propellant[J]. Chinese Journal of Explosives & Propellants (Huozhayao Xuebao), 2017, 40(6):29-35.
[16] Wei Z X, Xu Y Q, Liu H Y, et al. Preparation and catalytic activities of LaFeO3 and Fe2O3 for HMX thermal decomposition[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2009, 165:1056-1061.
[17] Meng W L, Zhou X, Qiu Z L, et al. Reduced graphene oxide-supported aggregates of CuInS2 quantum dots as an effective hybrid electron acceptor for polymer-based solar cells[J]. Carbon, 2016, 96:532-540.
[18] 张建侃,赵凤起,徐司雨,等. 应用于固体推进剂的石墨烯及其复合材料制备技术研究进展[J]. 火炸药学报,2016, 39(3):9-16. ZHNAG Jian-kan, ZHAO Feng-qi, XU Si-yu, et al. New progress of study on preparation methods of graphene and graphene-based composites applied in solid propellants[J]. Chinese Journal of Explosives & Propellants (Huozhayao Xuebao), 2016, 39(3):9-16.
[19] Balandin A A, Ghosh S, Bao W Z, et al. Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene[J]. Nano Letters, 2008, 8(3):902-907.
[20] Zu Y Q, Zhang Y, Xu K Z, et al. A graphene oxide-MgWO4 nanocomposite as an efficient catalyst for the thermal decomposition of RDX, HMX[J]. RSC Advances, 2016, 6:31046-31052.
[21] Isert S, Xin L, Xie J, et al. The effect of decorated graphene addition on the burning rate of ammonium perchlorate composite propellants[J]. Combustion and Flame, 2017, 183:322-329.
[22] Li N, Geng Z, Cao M, et al. Well-dispersed ultrafine Mn3O4 nanoparticles on graphene as a promising catalyst for the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate[J]. Carbon, 2013, 54:124-132.
[23] Yuan Y, Jiang W, Wang Y J, et al. Hydrothermal preparation of Fe2O3/graphene nanocomposite and its enhanced catalytic activity on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate[J]. Applied Surface Science, 2014, 303:354-359.
[24] 李艺,郭晓燕,杨荣杰,等. 铝/有机氟化物复合物对含铝HTPB推进剂燃烧性能的影响[J]. 火炸药学报,2016,39(6):74-79. LI Yi,GUO Xiao-yan,YANG Rong-jie,et al. Effect of aluminum/organic fluoride composite on the combustion properties of aluminized HTPB propellants[J]. Chinese Journal of Explosives & Propellants (Huozhayao Xuebao), 2016,39(6):74-79.
[25] 曲文刚,赵凤起,高红旭. 形貌与晶相可控的微纳米金属氧化物提升高能氧化剂热分解性能的研究进展[J]. 火炸药学报,2015,38(5):18-23. QU Wen-gang,ZHAO Feng-qi,GAO Hong-xu. Micro/nano-structured metal oxides with well-defined morphology and crystal phase improving the thermal decomposition process of high energetic oxidizers[J]. Chinese Journal of Explosives & Propellants (Huozhayao Xuebao),2015,38(5):18-23.
[26] Marcano D C, Kosynkin D V, Berlin J M, et al, Improved synthesis of graphene oxide[J]. ACS Nano, 2010, 4:4806-4814.
[27] Hummers W S, Offeman R E. Preparation of graphitic oxide[J]. Journal of American Chemical Society, 1958, 80:1339.
[28] Malard L M, Pimenta M A, Dresselhaus G, et al. Raman spectroscopy in graphene[J]. Physics Reports, 2009, 473(5/6):51-87.
[29] Zu Y Q, Zhang Y, Xu K Z, et al, Preparation and comparison of catalytic performance for nano MgFe2O4, GO-loaded MgFe2O4 and GO-coated MgFe2O4 nanocomposites[J]. Ceramics International, 2016, 42:18844-18850.
[30] Nawanil C, Boomchom B, Prachayawarakorn J, et al. Synthesis and phase evolution of electrospun antifierroelectric lead zirconate (PbZrO3) nanofibers[J]. Materials Science and Engineering B:Solid, 2012, 177:1009-1016.
[31] Kissinger H E. Reaction kinetics in differential thermal analysis[J]. Analytical Chemistry, 1957, 29:1702-1706.
[32] 范夕萍,王霞,刘子如, 等. 纳米Cu粉对HMX和RDX热分解的催化作用[J]. 含能材料,2005, 13(5):284-287. FAN Xi-ping, WANG Xia, LIU Zi-ru, et al. Catalysis of nano Cu powder on the thermal decomposition of HMX and RDX[J]. Chinese Journal of Energetic Materials, 2005, 13(5):284-287.

相似文献/References:

[1]王为民,魏涛涛,高红旭,等.纳米PbZrO3对AP、RDX、HMX热分解和NG/NC双基推进剂燃烧性能的影响[J].火炸药学报,2017,40(6):29.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.005]
 WANG Wei-min,WEI Tao-tao,GAO Hong-xu,et al.Effects of Nano PbZrO3 on the Decompositions of AP, RDX, HMX and the Combustion of (NG/NC) Propellant[J].,2017,40(4):29.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.005]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-03-19;改回日期:2018-04-09。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.21673178);陕西省自然科学基金(No.2018JM5181);国防科技重点实验室基金(No.914*162)
作者简介:刘博(1985-),男,博士研究生,从事纳米材料研究。E-mail:liubo0730@163.com
通讯作者:徐抗震(1976-),男,教授,从事新型含能材料和纳米复合材料的研究。E-mail:xukz@nwu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01