|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]兰艳花,单自兴,绳利丽,等.十二氢十二硼酸盐与推进剂组分的相容性[J].火炸药学报,2017,40(6):95-100.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.016]
 LAN Yan-hua,SHAN Zi-xing,SHENG Li-li,et al.Compatibility of Dodecahydrododecaborate with Propellants Ingredients[J].,2017,40(6):95-100.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.016]
点击复制

十二氢十二硼酸盐与推进剂组分的相容性()
     
分享到:

《火炸药学报》[ISSN:1007-7812/CN:61-1310/TJ]

卷:
40卷
期数:
2017年第6期
页码:
95-100
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-12-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Compatibility of Dodecahydrododecaborate with Propellants Ingredients
作者:
兰艳花 单自兴 绳利丽 杨荣杰
1. 北京理工大学材料学院, 北京 100081;
2. 中北大学环境与安全工程学院, 山西 太原 030051;
3. 武汉大学化学与分子科学学院, 湖北 武汉 430072
Author(s):
LAN Yan-hua SHAN Zi-xing SHENG Li-li YANG Rong-jie
1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;
2. School of Environment and Safty Engineering, North University of China, Taiyuan 030051, China;
3. College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
关键词:
硼氢化合物十二氢十二硼酸盐推进剂热分析相容性
Keywords:
boron hydride compounddodecahydrododecaboratepropellantthermal analysiscompatibility
分类号:
TJ55;V512
DOI:
10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.016
文献标志码:
-
摘要:
采用感度测试仪、密度分析仪和热重分析仪对3种十二氢十二硼酸盐:十二氢十二硼酸钾(BH-1),十二氢十二硼酸双N-甲基乌洛托品盐(BH-2)和十二氢十二硼酸双三氨基胍盐(BH-3)的物理性质进行了研究;并采用差示扫描量热仪对3种十二氢十二硼酸盐与4种常见推进剂组分(黏合剂、交联剂、增塑剂和高能填料)的相容性进行了研究。结果表明,3种十二氢十二硼酸盐密度均为1.2 g/cm3,且对撞击和摩擦较为钝感;在500℃以下,3种十二氢十二硼酸盐与黏合剂(HTPB和PET)、固化剂(N-100和TDI)和增塑剂(DOS和A3)相容性好,但十二氢十二硼酸盐/RDX二元混合物分解反应峰温比各单独化合物的分解反应峰温降低12.7~37.5℃,会引发RDX和样品的提前分解,BH-2和BH-3与AP相容性较差,不适于在此类推进剂中使用。
Abstract:
The physical properties of three kinds of dodecahydrododecaborates, dipotassium dodecahydrododecaborate (BH-1), bis(N-methylurotropinium) dodecahydrododecaborate (BH-2), bis(triaminoguanidinium) dodecahydrododecaborate (BH-3),were studied by sensitivity test instrument, density analyzer and thermogravimetric analysis, and the compatibility of three kinds of dodecahydrododecaborates with four kinds of common propellant components (binders, curing agents, plasticizers and high energy fillers) was systematically investigated by DSC. The results show that the densities of three kinds of dodecahydrododecaborates are 1.2 g/cm3 and they are insensitive to impact and friction. Under 500℃, three kinds of dodecahydrododecaborates have good compatibility with the binders (HTPB and PET), curing agents (N-100 and TDI), plasticizers (DOS and A3), but compared with individal compounds, the decomposition peak temperature of binary mixtures of dodecahydrododecaborates and RDX decreases by 12.7-37.5℃, leading to earlier decomposition of RDX and sample, while BH-2 and BH-3 have poor compatibility with AP, they are not suitable for use in such propellants.

参考文献/References:

[1] Uspenskaya I, Solntsev K A, Kuznetsov N. The X-ray diffraction study of alkali metal dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborates[J]. Zhurnal Strukturnoi Khimii, 1975, 16(3):482-484.
[2] Shoham G, Schomburg D, Lipscomb W N. The crystal and molecular structure of[B12H12] [NEt3H]2[J]. Acta Crystallographica Section C:Crystal Structure Communications, 1980, 9(2):429-434.
[3] Tiritiris I, Schleid. Investigations on the crystal structure of lithium dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate from aqueous solution:Li2(H2O)7[B12H12] [J]. Cheminform, 2002, 33(38):10.
[4] Her J H, Zhou W, Stavila V, et al. Role of cation size on the structural behavior of the alkali-metal dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborates[J]. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2009, 113(26):11187-11189.
[5] Housecroft C E, Snaith R, Wade K. Bond enthalpies of borane anions BnHn2-[J]. Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry Letters, 1979, 15(9/10:343-347.
[6] Olid D, Nunez R, Vinas C, et al. Methods to produce B-C, B-P, B-N and B-bonds in boron clusters[J].Chemical Society Reviews,2013,42(8):3318-3336.
[7] Sivaev I B, Bregadze V I, Sjoberg. Chemistry of closo-dodecaborate anion[B12H12]2-:a review[J]. Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communication, 2002, 67(6):679-727.
[8] Hawthorne M. New discoveries at the interface of boron and carbon chemistries[J]. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 2003, 75(9):1157-1164.
[9] Sivaev I B, Bregadze V I, Kuznetsov N. Derivatives of the closo-dodecaborate anion and their application in medicine[J]. Russian Chemical Bulletin, 2002, 51(8):1362-1374.
[10] 单自兴,绳利丽,杨荣杰. 二十面体硼氢B12H122-阴离子化合物及其在火炸药中的应用研究进展[J]. 火炸药学报,2017, 40(3):1-16. SHAN Zi-xing, SHENG Li-li, YANG Rong-jie. Research progress of icosahedronal polyhydroborate B12H122- anion compounds and their application in propellants and explosives[J]. Chinese Journal of Explosives & Propellants(Huozhayao Xuebao),2017,40(3):1-16.
[11] Hansen B R, Paskevicius M, Li H W, et al. Metal boranes:progress and applications[J]. Coordination Chemistry Reviews, 2015, 323(4):60-70.
[12] Mangum M G. Solid combustible propellant composition:US,20160096781[P]. 2016.
[13] Saldin V I, Babii A P. Dodecahydroborate adducts of chitosan as high caloric, rapid burning material:RU,2172745[P].2001.
[14] Saldin V I, Sukhovei V V. Adducts of chitosan dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate with salts-oxidizers of transition metals and method of their preparation:RU,2562480[P].2015.
[15] 庞维强,胥会祥,廖林泉,等. 用DSC法研究高能硼氢燃烧剂与固体推进剂一些常见组分的相容性[J]. 固体火箭技术,2013, 36(1):67-72, 78. PANG Wei-qiang, XU Hui-xiang, LIAO Lin-quan, et al. Compatibility of high energetic boron-hydrogen incendiary agent with some common components in solid propellant by means of DSC method[J]. Solid Rocket Technology, 2013, 36(1):67-72, 78.
[16] 单自兴,杨荣杰,吴冰斌,等. 一种制备K2B12H12的方法:CN,201710044483.9[P].2017.
[17] 单自兴. 通过亚甲基自转移反应制备N-甲基乌洛托品盐:CN,104910166[P]. 2015.
[18] 单自兴,单燚明,吴冰斌. 不带结晶水的高氮高硼氢化合物:十二氢十二硼酸双三氨基胍盐的制备及热性质[C]//第六届化学推进剂全国学术会议论文集.北京:中国化学会,2013:343-344.
[19] Klaus M, Thomas H, Wenka, et al. Formulation and properties of ADN/GAP propellants[J]. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 2009, 34:218-230.
[20] Schroeder M A, Fifer R A, Kaste P J, et al. Thermal decomposition of RDX in the presence of added K2B12H12[J]. Journal of Propulsion & Power, 2001, 17(2):441-448.

相似文献/References:

[1]单自兴,绳利丽,杨荣杰.二十面体多硼氢B12H122-阴离子化合物及其在火炸药中的应用研究进展[J].火炸药学报,2017,40(3):1.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.03.001]
 SHAN Zi-xing,SHENG Li-li,YANG Rong-jie.Research Progress of Icosahedronal Polyhydroborate B12H122- Anion Compounds and Their Application in Propellants and Explosives[J].,2017,40(6):1.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.03.001]

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-08-18;改回日期:2017-10-17。
作者简介:兰艳花(1984-),女,讲师,从事含能材料研究。E-mail:yhlan@nuc.edu.cn
通讯作者:杨荣杰(1963-),男,教授,博导,从事含能材料、阻燃材料、高分子及功能材料研究。E-mail:yrj@bit.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01