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[1]仪建华,轩春雷,赵凤起,等.含高氮化合物的CMDB推进剂的燃烧特性[J].火炸药学报,2017,40(6):87-94,107.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.015]
 YI Jian-hua,XUAN Chun-lei,ZHAO Feng-qi,et al.Combustion Properties of CMDB Propellant Containing High-nitrogen Compounds[J].,2017,40(6):87-94,107.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.015]
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含高氮化合物的CMDB推进剂的燃烧特性()
     
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《火炸药学报》[ISSN:1007-7812/CN:61-1310/TJ]

卷:
40卷
期数:
2017年第6期
页码:
87-94,107
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-12-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Combustion Properties of CMDB Propellant Containing High-nitrogen Compounds
作者:
仪建华 轩春雷 赵凤起 苟兵旺 王长健 秦钊 周诚
1. 西安近代化学研究所燃烧与爆炸技术重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710065;
2. 西安近代化学研究所, 陕西 西安 710065
Author(s):
YI Jian-hua XUAN Chun-lei ZHAO Feng-qi GOU Bing-wang WANG Chang-jian QIN Zhao ZHOU Cheng
1. Science and Technology on Combustion and Explosion Laboratory, Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an 710065, China;
2. Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an 710065, China
关键词:
36-双(1-氢-1234-四唑-5-氨基)-1245-四嗪(BTATz)2-硝亚胺基-5-硝基-六氢化-135-三嗪(NNHT)改性双基推进剂(CMDB推进剂)燃速燃烧表面
Keywords:
36-bis (1H-1234-tetrazol-5-yl-amino)-1245-tetrazine (BTATz)2-nitroimino-5-nitro-hexahydro-135-triazine (NNHT)composite modified double-base (CMDB) propellantburning ratecombustion surface
分类号:
TJ55;V512
DOI:
10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.015
文献标志码:
-
摘要:
以3,6-双(1-氢-1,2,3,4-四唑-5-氨基)-1,2,4,5-四嗪(BTATz)和2-硝亚胺基-5-硝基-六氢化-1,3,5-三嗪(NNHT)为含能添加剂应用于含RDX或HNIW的CMDB推进剂中,考察了BTATz和NNHT对推进剂燃速、火焰和熄火表面形貌的影响。结果表明,BTATz能大大提高推进剂的燃速,而NNHT有助于推进剂产生平台燃烧,分别完全取代RDX后,推进剂的燃烧显现出不同于RDX-CMDB推进剂的独特的暗区形貌,在暗区内部存在由燃烧表面发出的发散火焰束,这主要得益于BTATz和NNHT自身高燃速特性及其燃烧时不存在如RDX的熔融过程;含与不含高氮化合物的RDX-CMDB推进剂火焰形貌类似,熔融态的RDX妨碍了燃烧表面高热碳粒的生成,较少的高热碳粒不利于RDX-CMDB推进剂燃速的提升;常用的铅-铜-碳催化体系对于推进剂的燃烧同样也具有理想的调节作用,在该催化体系与NNHT的协同作用下,8~22 MPa范围内NNHT-RDX-CMDB推进剂压强指数降至0.19,降幅达76%,NNHT-HNIW-CMDB推进剂压强指数降至0.42,降幅达50.6%;该催化体系对BTATz、NNHT、HNIW不敏感,催化体系本质上还是主要作用于双基基体,发生在燃烧表面及近燃面的凝/气相区,使得燃烧表面结构发生明显改变,CMDB推进剂燃烧性能得以改善。
Abstract:
3,6-Bis(1H-1,2,3,4-tetrazol-5-yl-amino)-1,2,4,5-tetrazine (BTATz) and 2-nitroimino-5-nitro-hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine (NNHT) were used as the energetic additives into the composite modified double-base (CMDB) propellants containing hexogen (RDX) or hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (HNIW), and the influence rule of BTATz and NNHT on the burning rate, flame, and morphology of quenched surface of the propellants were investigated. The results show that BTATz can greatly increase the burning rate of propellant and NNHT helps to produce plateau burning effect. After RDX is completely substituted by BTATz or NNHT in the formulation, the propellant combustion appears the particular dark zone morphology, which is visibly different from original RDX-CMDB propellant, and some diffused flame clusters occur on the combustion surface, which profit from the high burning-rate nature of BTATz and NNHT, without a melting process as RDX. The flame photos of RDX-CMDB propellants with and without high-nitrogen compound are similar in appearance, the generation of high-temperature carbon particles on the combustion surface is affected by the fusing RDX, a fewer high-temperature carbon particles are highly unfavorable to improve the burning rate of RDX-CMDB propellant. The ordinary lead-copper-carbon catalyst system also shows the excellent effects on the combustion properties of the propellant, cooperating with the catalyst system and NNHT, the burning-rate pressure exponent of NNHT-RDX-CMDB propellant reduces to 0.19, decreased by 76%, and that of NNHT-HNIW-CMDB propellant reduces to 0.42, decreased by 50.6%. The catalyst system is insensitive to BTATz, NNHT, and HNIW, the major catalyzed effect occurs essentially on the double-base propellant combustion surface and the condensed-gas phase closing to the combustion surface, the combustion surface structure is changed evidently, and the combustion properties of CMDB propellants are improved finally.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-08-02;改回日期:2017-11-16。
基金项目:“十二五”装备预研项目(No.40406050101)
作者简介:仪建华(1976-),男,博士,研究员,从事固体推进剂燃烧科学与技术研究。E-mail:npecc_yjh2819@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01