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[1]霍欢,翟连杰,毕福强,等.5种4,6-二硝基苯并连三唑-1-氧化物含能离子盐的合成、表征与性能研究[J].火炸药学报,2017,40(6):36-42.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.006]
 HUO Huan,ZHAI Lian-jie,BI Fu-qiang,et al.Synthesis, Characterization and Performances of Five Energetic Ionic Salts Based 4, 6-Dinitro-benzotriazol-3-ium-1-oxide[J].,2017,40(6):36-42.[doi:10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.006]
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5种4,6-二硝基苯并连三唑-1-氧化物含能离子盐的合成、表征与性能研究()
     
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《火炸药学报》[ISSN:1007-7812/CN:61-1310/TJ]

卷:
40卷
期数:
2017年第6期
页码:
36-42
栏目:
出版日期:
2017-12-29

文章信息/Info

Title:
Synthesis, Characterization and Performances of Five Energetic Ionic Salts Based 4, 6-Dinitro-benzotriazol-3-ium-1-oxide
作者:
霍欢 翟连杰 毕福强 李亚南 贾思媛 王伯周
1. 西安近代化学研究所, 陕西 西安 710065;
2. 氟氮化工资源高效开发与利用国家重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710065
Author(s):
HUO Huan ZHAI Lian-jie BI Fu-qiang LI Ya-nan JIA Si-yuan WANG Bo-zhou
1. Xi’an Modern Chemistry Research Institute, Xi’an 710065, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Fluorine & Nitrogen Chemicals, Xi’an 710065, China
关键词:
有机化学46-二硝基苯并连三唑-1-氧化物DNBTO含能离子盐
Keywords:
organic chemistry46-dinitrobenzo-triazol-3-ium-1-oxideDNBTOenergetic ionic salt
分类号:
TJ55;TQ226
DOI:
10.14077/j.issn.1007-7812.2017.06.006
文献标志码:
-
摘要:
以1,3,5-三硝基-2-氯苯和水合肼为起始原料,经过取代、环化反应得到4,6-二硝基苯并连三唑-1-氧化物(DNBTO),收率55.3%,并采用酸碱中和、离子交换等反应设计并合成了DNBTO的羟胺盐(HA-DNBTO)、三氨基胍盐(TAG-DNBTO)、脒基脲盐(M-DNBTO)、3,6-二肼基-1,2,4,5-四嗪盐(DHT-DNBTO)以及乙二酰肼盐(OH-DNBTO)5种含能离子盐。用红外光谱、1H NMR、13C NMR及元素分析等进行了结构表征;采用DSC和TG-DTG法研究了DNBTO及其5种含能离子盐的热行为。用Gaussian 09程序和VLW爆轰方程,计算了DNBTO及5种含能离子盐的物化及爆轰性能。结果表明,升温速率10℃/min时,DNBTO、HA-DNBTO、TAG-DNBTO、M-DNBTO、DHT-DNBTO和OH-DNBTO的放热分解峰温度分别为201.3、213.0、209.9、240.5、133.7、197.7℃,M-DNBTO表现出更好的热稳定性;DNBTO及其5种含能离子盐的密度在1.59~1.69 g/cm3之间,爆速在6 783.6~7 681.3 m/s之间;DHT-DNBTO的生成焓最高,为1 081.4 kJ/mol;HA-DNBTO的爆轰性能最佳,爆速为7 681.3 m/s,爆压为25.5 GPa。
Abstract:
Using 1,3,5-trinitro-2-chloro-benzene and hydrazine hydrate as primary material, 4,6-dinitrobenzo-triazol-3-ium-1-oxide(DNBTO) was synthesized via one step reaction of substitution and cyclization with a yield of 55.3%. Five energetic ionic salts, 4,6-dinitrobenzo-triazol-3-ium-1-oxide hydroxylammonium salt (HA-DNBTO), 4,6-dinitrobenzo-triazol-3-ium-1-oxide triaminoguanidinium salt (TAG-DNBTO), 4,6-dinitrobenzo-triazol-3-ium-1-oxide guanylureaium salt (M-DNBTO), bis(4,6-dinitrobenzo-triazol-3-ium-1-oxide) 3,6-dihydrazino-1,2,4,5-tetrazine salt (DHT-DNBTO) and bis(4,6-dinitrobenzo-triazol-3-ium-1-oxide) oxalylhydrazinium salt (OH-DNBTO), were designed and synthesized by acid-base neutralization and ion exchange etc. reactions and their structures were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and elemental analysis. The thermal behaviors for DNBTO and its five energetic ionic salts were studied by DSC and TG-DTG.The physicochemical and detonation properties of DNBTO and five energetic ionic salts were calculated by Gaussian 09 program and VLW equation. The results show that the peak temperatures of exothermic decomposition reaction at 10℃/min for DNBTO、HA-DNBTO、TAG-DNBTO、M-DNBTO、DHT-DNBTO and OH-DNBTO were 201.3, 213.0, 209.9, 240.5, 133.7, 197.7℃, respectively, revealing that M-DNBTO has a better thermal stability. The densities of DNBTO and five energetic ionic salts are between 1.59-1.69 g/cm3, the detonation velocities are between 6 783.6-7 681.3 m/s, and DHT-DNBTO has the highest enthalpy of formation, which is 1 081.4 kJ/mol. HA-DNBTO has better detonation property than other DNBTO-base energetic ionic salts. The detonation velocity and pressure of HA-DNBTO are 7 681.3 m/s and 25.5 GPa, respectively.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2016-05-19;改回日期:2017-03-06。
基金项目:国家自然科学基金(No.21373157)
作者简介:霍欢(1984-),女,副研究员,从事含能材料合成研究。E-mail:huohuan-234@163.com.
通讯作者:王伯周(1967-),男,研究员,从事含能材料合成研究。E-mail:wbz600@163.com.
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01