|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]徐若千,姬月萍,丁峰,等.1,3,5-三羟乙基三嗪酮的富能化合成与表征[J].火炸药学报,2009,32(4):38-40.
 XU Ruo qian,JI Yue ping,DING Feng,et al.Energized Synthesis and Characterization of 1,3,5Tris(2hydroxy ethyl) 1,3,5triazinane2,4,6trione[J].,2009,32(4):38-40.
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1,3,5-三羟乙基三嗪酮的富能化合成与表征()
     
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《火炸药学报》[ISSN:1007-7812/CN:61-1310/TJ]

卷:
32
期数:
2009年第4期
页码:
38-40
栏目:
出版日期:
2009-08-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Energized Synthesis and Characterization of 1,3,5Tris(2hydroxy ethyl) 1,3,5triazinane2,4,6trione
作者:
徐若千姬月萍丁峰杨威刘卫孝
西安近代化学研究所,陕西 西安710065
Author(s):
XU RuoqianJI YuepingDING FengYANG WeiLIU Weixiao
Xi′an Modern Chemistry Research Institute,Xi′an 710065,China
关键词:
有机化学有机合成富氮化合物135-三羟乙基三嗪酮TAEICTNEIC
Keywords:
organic chemistry organic synthesis richnitrogen compound 135tris(2hydroxyethyl)135triazinane246trioneTAEICTNEIC
分类号:
TJ55;TQ244
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以1,3,5-三羟乙基三嗪酮为原料,经过硝化、叠氮化过程合成了1,3,5-三硝氧乙基三嗪酮(TNEIC)和1,3,5-三叠氮乙基三嗪酮(TAEIC);通过实验确定最佳硝化条件为:发烟硝酸与浓硫酸体积比1∶1,反应温度25℃,时间0.25h,收率92.0%。采用元素分析、红外光谱、核磁共振光谱等鉴定了目标产物结构,并借助DSC等分析方法测定了产物的热性能。结果表明,TAEIC性能优良,熔点较低,有望用于熔铸炸药配方。
Abstract:
Taking 1,3,5-tris(2-hydroxyethyl)-,3,5 triazinane-2,4,6-trione as primary material,1,3,5-tris(2-nitroethyl)-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione (TNEIC) and 1,3,5-tris (2-azidoethyl)-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione (TAEIC) were synthesized via nitration and azidonation. The optimum conditions of nitration were:HNO3/H2SO4 (volume ratio),1∶1; reaction temperature, 25℃; reaction time, 0.25h and the optimum reaction yield is 92.0%. The structure of the final product was confirmed by IR, 1HNMR, and elemental analysis. The thermal properties of the compounds were determined by DSC and TG. The results show that TAEIC has a low melting point and will be used in meltcast explosive.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:20090205;修回日期:20090325 作者简介:徐若千(1983-),女,硕士,从事含能材料合成。
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-01-26