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[1]石 飞,王庆法,张香文,等.1,2-丙二醇二硝酸酯的绿色合成[J].火炸药学报,2007,30(2):75-77.
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1,2-丙二醇二硝酸酯的绿色合成()
     
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《火炸药学报》[ISSN:1007-7812/CN:61-1310/TJ]

卷:
30
期数:
2007年第2期
页码:
75-77
栏目:
出版日期:
2007-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Green Synthesis of 1,2-Propylene Glycol Dinitrate
文章编号:
1007-7812(2007)02-0075-03
作者:
石 飞王庆法张香文王 莅米镇涛
天津大学化工学院绿色合成与转化教育部重点实验室
Author(s):
-
关键词:
应用化学12丙二醇二硝酸酯绿色合成N2O5硝化反应
Keywords:
applied chemistry 12-propylene glycol dinitrate green synthesis dinitrogen pentoxide nitrating reaction
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
-
摘要:
为解决硝硫混酸法合成1,2-丙二醇二硝酸酯(PGDN)过程中存在的环境污染问题,提出了N2O5硝化环氧丙烷(PO)制备1,2-丙二醇二硝酸酯的方法,该反应原子经济性高,环境友好。研究了原料滴加顺序、原料配比、反应温度、溶剂等因素对反应收率和选择性的影响。结果表明,将PO滴至N2O5/有机溶剂,N2O5与PO的摩尔比1.1∶1.0,反应温度15 ℃,溶剂采用CH2Cl2为最佳反应条件;1,2-丙二醇二硝酸酯的收率达96.3%,选择性接近100%。
Abstract:
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参考文献/References:

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[4]Golding P, Millar R W, Paul N C, et al. Nitration by oxides of nitrogen, Part 1: Preparation of nitrate esters by eaction of strainedring oxygen heterocycles with dinitrogen pentoxide[J]. Tetrahedron Letters,1988,29(22):2731-2734.
[5]Talawar M B,Sivabalan R, Polke B G, et al. Establishment of process technology for the manufacture of dinitrogen pentoxide and its utility for?the synthesis of most powerful explosive of todayCL-20[J]. Journal of Hazardous Materials,2005, B124:157.
[6]Christian R. Solvents and Solvent Effects in Organic Chemistry[M]. Weinheim:WILEYVCH Verlag GmbH and Co,2003:439-452.
[7]钱华,吕春绪,叶志文. 绿色硝解合成六硝基六氮杂异伍兹烷[J].火炸药学报,2006,29(3):52-53.
[8]Janna T, Gunnar S, Thomas M K, et al. Synthesis and Raman spectra of dinitrogen pentoxide(N2O5)[J]. The Internet Journal of Vibrational Spectroscopy,1998,2(1):52-54.

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